Roundup: the long-term consequences of cancer and its treatment

Friends and family assume that because you don’t have cancer anymore that everything is ok, and it’s not, far from it. Jane129: My social life collapsed in the painful (literally) years beforehand and I’m only just trying to drag myself out more. No holidays. Far fewer friends to socialise with, many have moved on without me over the previous five years. What research is being carried out? Chris Carrigan, director for the National Cancer Intelligence network , Public Health England: The world in which I operate is very much around data, information and intelligence, and there used to be a primary focus on survival, because that’s very much what we could tell from the available data. We are now in a very different position, so much of our work is around getting a better (and quantified) understanding of life after cancer, which includes physical effects of the treatment, but also the psychological and social effects. We are much better at being able to measure the physical effects, but less well at the other areas. Claire Foster, reader in health psychology, University of Southampton : In our research programme, we are asking people to tell about their health and well-being before their cancer treatment starts … and then we ask them similar questions at regular intervals over time. This allows us to see how treatment affects people’s daily lives due to the physical, psychological symptoms they experience and also the knock on effect of this in terms of ability to return to work, resume everyday activities and so on.

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Sam Simon, ‘The Simpsons’ Co-Creator Dying From Cancer, To Donate Fortune To Charity

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“In the hospital, right after that [colon surgery], I realized I had to start making plans,” Simon told TMZ . Its a gesture thats won over his already loyal fans. @simonsam I just want to send you as many hugs as I can! You are a #hero a #mensch and an #artist #alifewelllived xoxoxo Andrea Baker (@AndreaEBaker) July 26, 2013 Simon ranks animal rights at the top of his activism list. He founded his eponymous charity in 2011, an organization that provides food for families in need, spays and neuters cats and dogs for free and trains service dogs to help vets who are hard of hearing. He established the nonprofit entirely with his own funds and the organization does not accept public donations, according to the charitys website. But Simon is candid about the behind-the-scenes role he prefers to play with his philanthropic work. I was never that hands-on with any of it. I’ve just been fortunate to find great people to run things, Simon told The Hollywood Reporter of his charity work. Frankly, one of the pleasures of the foundation is hanging out with the people because they are some of the nicest people in my life. But while Simon may prefer to remain in the backdrop, the organizations that are grateful for his contributions like to put the spotlight on his name. A vegetarian since he was a teen, Simon has supported PETAs work for a decade and the organization thanked him for his contributions in March by naming its Norfolk, Va., headquarters after him. As for whats motivated Simon to give so generously, he says thats pretty simple. One thing is, I get pleasure from it, he told The Hollywood Reporter.

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Aspirin May Lower Women’s Colon Cancer Risk

Recommended pre-op therapy neglected in 7 percent

The study, funded by the U.S. National Cancer Institute and U.S. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, is published July 16 in the Annals of Internal Medicine. Aspirin has been long known for its protective effects on heart health, but the protective effect of aspirin on colon and rectal cancer has only been found more recently. “In the past three years, analyses of trials conducted for cardiovascular health have begun to show an effect on colon cancer as well,” Cook said. Cook and her team followed women enrolled in the Women’s Health Study, a trial that evaluated the benefits and risks of low-dose aspirin and vitamin E in preventing both cardiovascular disease and cancers. The study began in 1993 and ended in 2004. The women had no history of cancer (except nonmelanoma skin cancer), cardiovascular disease or other major chronic illness when they enrolled. The women assigned to the aspirin group were told to take a low dose — 100 milligrams — of aspirin every other day. The comparison group took placebo pills on alternate days. After the study ended, the researchers continued to follow more than 33,000 women through March 2012. The women were told to continue the regimen, although the researchers no longer provided the pills. The researchers tracked colorectal cancer, along with other cancers. They found the 20 percent lower colorectal cancer incidence over the entire 18-year follow-up.

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Junk Food Linked With Colorectal Cancer Risk

“The finding of a positive association between the intake of ‘high-energy snack foods’ and CRC [colorectal cancer] is novel and remains significant after physical activity or BMI stratification,” the researchers wrote in the study. Fruit and vegetables juices also were associated with higher colorectal cancer risk, which researchers said could be “because fruit and vegetable juices have different properties compared with the whole fruit or vegetable they come from, as the majority of them contain sugars, preservatives and other additives.” Researchers said the new finding falls into line with past studies on diet and colorectal cancer risk, which showed that a healthy diet with lots of produce is linked with lower cancer risk. Last year, a review of studies published in the American Journal of Medicine showed that frequent fish-eaters had a 12 percent lower risk of colorectal cancer compared with infrequent fish-eaters. For more ways to lower your risk, click through the slideshow: Loading Slideshow Eat Fiber From Whole Grains Researchers from Britain and the Netherlands found that the more total dietary fiber and cereal fiber people consumed, the lower their colorectal cancer risk. For example, people who consumed an extra 90 grams of whole grains a day also had a 20 percent lower risk of colorectal cancer, according to the British Medical Journal review. However, that same study didn’t show a link between eating fiber from fruits and vegetables and a lowered colorectal cancer risk, meaning there may be something else in whole grains at work, too. Take Aspirin Researchers from the Leiden University Medical Center in the Netherlands found that people who take aspirin once a day have a 30 percent decreased risk of dying from colorectal cancer, if taken for at least a nine-month period. And, the benefit extended to after a person had been diagnosed with colorectal cancer. The researchers found that people who had already been diagnosed and who took aspirin had a 23 percent decreased risk of dying from the disease, compared with people who didn’t take it at all. Eat Chocolate (Maybe) The Daily Mail reported on a study in mice, published in the journal Molecular Nutrition and Food Research, showing that rats exposed to a carcinogen developed fewer colon cancer lesions than rats if they consumed high-cocoa diets. “Being exposed to different poisons in the diet like toxins, mutagens and procarcinogens, the intestinal mucus is very susceptible to pathologies,” study researcher Maria Angeles Martin Arribas, a researcher at the Institute of Food Science and Technology and Nutrition, said in a statement. “Foods like cocoa, which is rich in polyphenols, seems to play an important role in protecting against disease.” However, it’s important to note that this effect was tested only on mice. Consume Ginger Root Research published in the journal Cancer Prevention Research showed that taking 2 grams of ginger root supplement every day might have colon cancer-preventing powers.

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How To Reduce One’s Risk Of Colon Cancer

Taking aspirin linked to lower risk of colorectal cancer

Colon polyps do not usually cause symptoms either. Screening before symptoms occur is essential – by the time symptoms emerge, colon cancer is no longer in its early stages. Get to know the risk factors for colon cancer – people with some risk factors need to be screened before they are 50. Examples include those with: – inflammatory bowel disease Researchers explained in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute (May 2012 issue) that exercise is associated with lower rates of colon and breast cancer deaths . Colorectal cancer does not discriminate – one in every twenty people is diagnosed with colorectal cancer during his/her lifetime. Colorectal cancer affects both males and females. About colon cancer, rectal cancer and colorectal cancer Colon cancer is a malignant tumor that arises from the inner wall of the colon (the large intestine). Rectal cancer is a malignant tumor that forms in the rectum, the last 6 inches of the large intestine which ends where the anus is. Colorectal cancer refers to both rectal and colon cancer. Colon cancer and rectal share many features, including risk factors, symptoms and how screening procedures are performed. However, their treatment plans are usually different. Diagram of the human intestine What is the difference between the colon and the rectum? – the colon is the long, coiled tube-like organ that removes water from food that has been digested. What is left is solid waste material (stool).

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It was among this group that the researchers saw a 20% lower rate of colorectal cancer. Interestingly, the researchers saw no difference in colorectal polyps between groups. Polyps are small growths in the wall of the colon or rectum. Some are harmless, some progress to cancer. The new results suggest that aspirin doesnt prevent polyps from forming, but instead may prevent them from becoming cancerous. Aspirin isnt without its drawbacks, including gastrointestinal bleeding and ulcer formation. Both occurred slightly more often among women taking aspirin: gastrointestinal bleeding: 8.3% in the aspirin group, 7.3% in the placebo group ulcer formation: 7.3%in the aspirin group, 6.2% in the placebo group. Although this study included only women, the results probably apply to men, too. Other studies demonstrating a connection between taking aspirin and protection against colorectal cancer have mainly included men. Balancing act Although the Womens Health Study results sound promising, dont go reaching for the aspirin bottle just yet. Taking aspirinand any other drugis really a balancing act between benefits and risks. According to the American Cancer Society , this year more than 140,000 Americans will be diagnosed with colon or rectal cancer, and nearly 60,000 people will die from them. Taking a daily low-dose aspirin (81 milligrams) may be one way to help keep you from being included in those statistics. Aspirin is also a proven strategy for preventing heart attacks and the most common kind of stroke among people who have heart disease or are at high risk for it. In them, aspirin may do double duty.

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