How To Reduce One’s Risk Of Colon Cancer

Taking aspirin linked to lower risk of colorectal cancer

Colon polyps do not usually cause symptoms either. Screening before symptoms occur is essential – by the time symptoms emerge, colon cancer is no longer in its early stages. Get to know the risk factors for colon cancer – people with some risk factors need to be screened before they are 50. Examples include those with: – inflammatory bowel disease Researchers explained in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute (May 2012 issue) that exercise is associated with lower rates of colon and breast cancer deaths . Colorectal cancer does not discriminate – one in every twenty people is diagnosed with colorectal cancer during his/her lifetime. Colorectal cancer affects both males and females. About colon cancer, rectal cancer and colorectal cancer Colon cancer is a malignant tumor that arises from the inner wall of the colon (the large intestine). Rectal cancer is a malignant tumor that forms in the rectum, the last 6 inches of the large intestine which ends where the anus is. Colorectal cancer refers to both rectal and colon cancer. Colon cancer and rectal share many features, including risk factors, symptoms and how screening procedures are performed. However, their treatment plans are usually different. Diagram of the human intestine What is the difference between the colon and the rectum? – the colon is the long, coiled tube-like organ that removes water from food that has been digested. What is left is solid waste material (stool).

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It was among this group that the researchers saw a 20% lower rate of colorectal cancer. Interestingly, the researchers saw no difference in colorectal polyps between groups. Polyps are small growths in the wall of the colon or rectum. Some are harmless, some progress to cancer. The new results suggest that aspirin doesnt prevent polyps from forming, but instead may prevent them from becoming cancerous. Aspirin isnt without its drawbacks, including gastrointestinal bleeding and ulcer formation. Both occurred slightly more often among women taking aspirin: gastrointestinal bleeding: 8.3% in the aspirin group, 7.3% in the placebo group ulcer formation: 7.3%in the aspirin group, 6.2% in the placebo group. Although this study included only women, the results probably apply to men, too. Other studies demonstrating a connection between taking aspirin and protection against colorectal cancer have mainly included men. Balancing act Although the Womens Health Study results sound promising, dont go reaching for the aspirin bottle just yet. Taking aspirinand any other drugis really a balancing act between benefits and risks. According to the American Cancer Society , this year more than 140,000 Americans will be diagnosed with colon or rectal cancer, and nearly 60,000 people will die from them. Taking a daily low-dose aspirin (81 milligrams) may be one way to help keep you from being included in those statistics. Aspirin is also a proven strategy for preventing heart attacks and the most common kind of stroke among people who have heart disease or are at high risk for it. In them, aspirin may do double duty.

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