Heavy People More Likely To Have Colon Polyps

A man walks past the New York Stock Exchange after trading hours in New York August 17, 2009.REUTERS/Lucas Jackson

But if it does, that could be bad news for a world where obesity is on the rise. According to the World Health Organization, about 500 million people worldwide are obese; colon cancer killed more than half a million people worldwide in 2008, the most recent figures from the WHO show. For the new research, Ashrafian and his colleagues analyzed data from 23 studies involving more than 100,000 people across the U.S., Asia and Europe, looking at the relationship between polyps and body mass index, or BMI, a measure of weight relative to height. All the studies followed World Health Organization guidelines that define people with a BMI over 25 as overweight and above 30 as obese. In most studies, polyps were identified during colonoscopy procedures in which a flexible tube tipped with a camera is guided though the rectum and into the colon. Self-reported questionnaires were used in two large studies. Overall, researchers found that 22 percent of overweight and obese people had colon polyps, compared to 19 percent in people of normal weight, and the polyp risk grew with increasing BMI. “The findings suggest that obesity may be having an effect (on cancer development) much earlier than we thought,” said Ashrafian. Most polyps don’t cause any symptoms so they are usually not picked up before routine colonoscopy. During the procedure, the doctor cuts out polyps if there are any to make sure they don’t turn into cancer. In their report, published in the American Journal of Gastroenterology, the authors recommend timely colon cancer screening among overweight and obese people. The U.S. Preventative Services Task Force, a government-funded expert panel, recommends colon cancer screening for people ages 50 to 75 (there are a number of different tests, including a cheap stool test, to choose from). In the UK, screening for colon cancer is offered by the National Health Service from age 60 to 69. The new study points to a need for screening that specifically targets obese people, said Dr. Joseph Anderson from Dartmouth in Hanover, New Hampshire, who was not involved in the study.

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Which Symptoms Are Associated With Colon Polyps? – Dr. Garvie (VIDEO)

– Dr. Garvie … Receive the latest and greatest in women’s health and wellness from EmpowHER – for free! Enter your email address * Is There An Increased Risk For Colon Cancer Among African Americans? – Dr. … 6 of 6 Michelle King Robson and Dr. John Garvie talk about the symptoms someone might exhibit when she/he has a colon polyp. Michelle King Robson: What would my symptoms be if I was having problem? Dr. John Garvie: The symptoms of a polyp by and large are nothing. Michelle King Robson: Okay. Dr. John Garvie: And I think we want to emphasize that to the people that look at your website that polyps are silent and will remain silent until they have grown to a sufficient size where they can cause symptoms.

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New Colon Cancer Screening Test Now Available In Alberta

Colon cancer screening

Sponsored content is written by Global News’ without any editorial influence by the sponsor. If you’d like to learn more… CALGARY- People over 50 with an average risk of developing colon cancer can now access a new screening test in Alberta. The fecal immunochemical test has been available since November. Also known as FIT, the test requires a small stool sample that can be collected by patients in their own homes. Story continues below The test uses antibodies that bind to human blood protein that may be found in the stool, explains Dr. Steven Heitman, medical director of the Forzani & MacPhail Colon Cancer Screening Centre. It is able to detect blood specific to bleeding in the colon which can indicate cancer or a [pre-cancerous] polyp. The FIT test is not intended to replace a colonoscopy, which remains the gold standard for colon cancer screening. Instead, FIT will be used to triage patients considered average risk. The test is really directed towards those that are 50 to 74 years of age who are asymptomatic and lack that family history or personal history of colon cancer. Until now, those average risk patients were put to the back of the line for colonoscopy, waiting up to two years for their turn. Average risk patients who show no sign of cancer after their first colonoscopy often wait up to 10 years for a second screening. New Alberta guidelines recommend patients are screened with the FIT test annually. Sonja Chycoski fell into the average risk category when she began experiencing rectal bleeding in 2011. I went to the doctor and because I had had a colonoscopy five or six years before, they said its got to be hemorrhoids, she recalls. Chycoski waited over a year for another colonoscopy. She was eventually diagnosed with stage 4 colon cancer.

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Colorectal Cancer Market Analysis and 2019 Forecasts in New Research Report at RnRMarketResearch.com

Scope A brief introduction to colorectal cancer, including the diseases pathogenesis, etiology, diagnosis and treatment algorithms. In-depth analysis of the three mAbs marketed for colorectal cancer, including analysis of their safety, efficacy, treatment patterns and strengths/weaknesses. Including a heat map comparing the drugs in terms of safety and efficacy. A comprehensive review of the pipeline for colorectal cancer therapies, including individual analysis of a number of late-stage pipeline drugs that are likely to enter the market during the forecast period. The pipeline is analyzed on the basis of phase distribution, molecule types, program types, mechanisms of action and molecular targets. Additional in-depth analysis of pipeline drug clinical trials by phase, trial size, trial duration and program failure rate for each molecule type, in addition to an in-depth analysis of clinical trial primary endpoints. Multi-scenario forecast data of the market to 2019, taking into account how the market may be affected by the introduction of new drugs, the expiry of key patents on current drugs and the changes in disease epidemiology across the key developed markets. Discussion of the drivers and barriers for market growth. In-depth analysis of all licensing and co-development deals that have occurred in the colorectal cancer market since 2006. Reasons to Buy Understand the role of mAbs in the treatment of colorectal cancer and their relation to chemotherapies and targeted small molecule therapies. Understand the vast scope of the pipeline, including which molecule types and mechanisms of action are prominent. Observe the trends in clinical trial duration and size amongst clinical phases and molecule types.

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Albert Cilia-Vincenti, Scientific delegate to European Medicines Agency, Attard Colon cancer screening The story on recovering from colon cancer (Diving back into a life without cancer, The Sunday Times of Malta, December 8) had some useful points, in particular the list of possible symptoms of the condition, but otherwise lacked other useful information. This is one of the most common cancers in both men and women, particularly in the Western industrialised countries. Except where there are strong hereditary defects, colon cancer appears to be particularly related to excessive meat consumption (especially processed meat like salami, ham and bacon), insufficient vegetables and fruits in the diet, and possibly obesity, lack of exercise and excessive alcohol consumption. Taking a small daily dose of aspirin reduces colon cancer risk by around 50 per cent, and fish oil may have a similar effect. There is also interest in the possible colon cancer risk reduction of probiotics capsules or liquids containing good bacteria which can replace bad ones in the colon. Screening for colon cancer aims to detect it at an early stage where surgery alone can be curative. There are two main colonic screening methods, the faecal occult blood (FOB) test, and colonoscopy. Colonoscopy is superior because it can detect and remove small pre-cancerous nodules (thus preventing progression to cancer), but is very expensive compared to the FOB test, which the individual performs at home and posts to the laboratory. The FOB test is inferior to colonoscopy in that it tends to detect established cancer rather than pre-cancerous lesions. However, the FOB test has the potential of detecting established cancer at an earlier curable stage. The UK NHS is about to publish the results of its pilot FOB population screening study, which will show a 10 per cent reduction in colonic cancer mortality with only up to 50 per cent response rate to invitations to do the test (only 30 per cent response in some ethnic groups). The UK NHS has chosen the FOB test as its colonic screening tool. It reckons that colonoscopy for population screening is too expensive and that NHS endoscopy units would not be able to cope with the demand. Cross-country charity challenge Will lawyers speak out? Advert Comments are submitted under the express understanding and condition that the editor may, and is authorised to, disclose any/all of the above personal information to any person or entity requesting the information for the purposes of legal action on grounds that such person or entity is aggrieved by any comment so submitted. At this time your comment will not be displayed immediately upon posting.

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Colon Cancer Prognosis Worse For The Obese, Type 2 Diabetics

Stage IV Colon Cancer Prognosis

“The message here is to avoid obesity and type 2 diabetes because they have negative health outcomes. We don’t know for sure that losing weight or increasing physical activity will help, but we know they’re good for trying to avoid other diseases, like cardiovascular disease, that can come up down the road,” said Dr. Jeffrey Meyerhardt, author of an accompanying editorial in the same journal, and an associate professor of medicine at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Harvard Medical School in Boston. There are more than 1 million people who’ve survived a colon cancer diagnosis living in the United States , and mortality from colorectal cancer has gone down over the past two decades, according to background information in the studies. And, while previous research has linked a higher BMI and type 2 diabetes to the development of colorectal cancer in the first place, it hasn’t been clear how these factors influence the course of colorectal cancer once someone has been diagnosed. The first study included 2,303 people involved in an ongoing study that began in 1992. Between that time and 2007, the study participants had been diagnosed with colorectal cancer. Follow-up continued through December 2008. During the study, 851 people with colorectal cancer died. Of those, 380 died as a result of colorectal cancer, while 153 died of heart disease, according to the study. The remaining 318 people died of other causes.

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People with type 2 diabetes had a 53 percent higher risk of dying from any cause and a 29 percent higher risk of dying from colorectal cancer.

They include such methods as following a well-balanced diet and/or taking suggested supplements. Relaxation techniques or acupuncture to reduce pain and relieve stress may be helpful. Alternative treatment methods are designed to take the place of your traditional medical treatments. The biggest concern with using alternative methods is the time lost from proven care, which may determine the ultimate outcome of your disease and reduce survival time. Ultimately, the choice of treatment rests with you, the patient. It is very important to develop a good relationship with your oncologist and discuss additional treatment methods with her. Prognosis When you look at the ACS survival rates for people with stage IV colon cancer, it is important to remember some important facts. First, these are people who were diagnosed and treated at least five years ago. Research is ongoing and new treatment methods are being developed regularly. You have the benefit of these newer drugs and treatments and clinical trials. Second, colon cancer tends to occur in older people who often have heart disease and other health concerns. They may have been diagnosed with colon cancer but died of something else.

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A Soy Peptide May Reduce Colon Cancer Metastasis

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The American Cancer Society has noted that living a healthy lifestyle can help lower your risk of colorectal cancer. In a news release on July 8, 2013, the University of Illinois reported, Consuming soy peptide may reduce colon cancer metastasis. More Photos View all 8 photos Researchers at the University of Illinois study who showed that injection of the soy peptide lunasin dramatically reduced colon cancer metastasis in mice, were interested in seeing how making lunasin part of the animals daily diet would affect the spread of the disease. Elvira de Mejia, a University of Illinois professor of food chemistry and food toxicology, has said, In this new study, we find that giving lunasin orally at 20 mg/kg of body weight reduced the number of metastatic tumors by 94 percentwe went from 18 tumors to only one. And that was done using lunasin alone; no other type of therapy was used. In the initial study, injections of lunasin were used together with the chemotherapy drug oxaliplatin, yielding impressive results. There was a sixfold reduction in metastatic tumors to the liver. Vermont Dia, a postdoctoral associate in the de Mejia laboratory, said We learned in that study that lunasin can penetrate the cancer cell, cause cell death, and interact with at least one type of receptor in a cell that is ready to metastasize. Scientists followed this up with this study in which they experimented with oral doses of the peptide. Soy is after all food and the scientists wanted the animals to consume it as a food. The scientists have said that consuming the necessary amount of lunasin in soy foods would be difficult in terms of number of servings per day. However, the scientists feel this would be possible to get enough soy in your diet if food companies began to offer lunasin-enriched soy milk or yogurt. De Mejia has said that chronic daily exposure to lunasin could make an even more significant difference in terms of cancer development and metastasis. There has been evidence that lunasin accumulates in the body tissues, primarily the livers, of animals that have been exposed to chronic exposure to this bioactive component of soy. Therefore, consuming soy protein regularly in the diet may be important not only for nutrition but also for cancer prevention.

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Colon Cancer And Polyps: What You Need To Know

Cancer Cells

If any of these risk factors run in your family, you need to start the discussion about screening at age 40 or even earlier depending on when your family members were diagnosed. Persons with ulcerative colitis , Crohns disease or a personal history of cancer are also at increased risk for colon cancer and need to tailor regular, more frequent colonoscopies. Studies also indicate that diet and smoking may increase the risk of developing colon polyps and colon cancer. While family history and other risk factors matter, not having risk factors does not eliminate your need for screenings. What polyps tell us As we age, about 1-in-4 of us develop polyps in our colon and about 10% of these polyps eventually turn from a benign growth into colon cancer. For the most part, these polyps take about 10 years to transform into colon cancer. Polyps and early colon cancers often have no symptoms and can be detected only by screening exams. How can colon cancer best be prevented? There are several effective ways to reduce your colon cancer risk, but none more important than getting timely screenings and removing polyps before they become malignant. Refraining from smoking, maintaining healthy weight and regular exercise, managing normal body levels of nutrients, especially vitamin D also appear to lower risk factors. Diets high in fiber are good for you, but have not been definitively shown to reduce colon cancer risk. What are the symptoms of colon cancer? Symptoms usually occur once tumors are advanced and causing obstruction or if the cancer has spread beyond the colon there may be rectal bleeding, anemia, abdominal pain, a change in bowel habits (constipation or diarrhea ), unexplained weight loss, loss of appetite, recurrent fevers, unexplained nausea or vomiting, or fatigue. However, colon cancer symptoms overlap greatly with other digestive conditions.

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Treating colon cancer; A healthy diet and early treatment offer defenses against disease

“However, most people have minimal signs and symptoms.” Most colon cancers are discovered through screening of patients who show no symptoms. “That’s why it’s critically important that people participate in screening programs for colon cancer,” says Holcombe. Traditional treatment Colon cancer screening is the keystone of not only early detection but prevention. “Screening allows us to find early cancer or precancerous polyps before they progress to cancer,” says Holcombe. “For many patients, we can prevent colon cancer entirely by monitoring and removing polyps.” Doctors recommend that most patients start getting screened at age 50, and then every five to 10 years. The gold standard for colon cancer screening is colonoscopy. “Colonoscopy involves taking a flexible tube with a light and camera attached that enters the large intestine through the anus,” says Holcombe. “It allows the doctor to see into the colon and look for polyps, which we can biopsy or remove to see if there are any problems.” Alternative screening methods include stool tests, virtual colonoscopy and a barium enema, but none of them can match colonoscopy for sensitivity and precision. For patients diagnosed with early-stage colon cancer, surgery removes the diseased section of colon, which is sometimes followed by chemotherapy. “The surgeon usually removes about half of the colon, on the right or left side, depending on where the tumor is,” says Holcombe. “You really only need about half a colon, so people return to normal function a colostomy bag is very rarely needed for colon cancer.” Chemotherapy is the primary treatment for later-stage colon cancer that has spread to other organs. Catching colon cancer early makes all the difference: The cure rate for early-stage cancer is almost 90%, but once the cancer has metastasized, or spread to other organs like the liver or lung, that number falls to 10%.

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Early Warning Signs Of Cancer: Are You At Risk?

Advanced Colon Cancer Symptoms

Overall, fewer than half of those polled identified shortness of breath as a warning sign of lung cancer, and only 39 percent a cough. Some respondents correctly identified more specific symptoms of concern, such as cough that gets worse or coughing up blood. The survey was conducted in 21 countries by Ipsos MORI on behalf of the Global Lung Cancer Coalition (GLCC). The findings are frightening, given that the disease kills nearly 160,000 Americans a year. Patients are often diagnosed at a very late stage when treatment is no longer an option, says Matthew Peters, MD, chair of GLCC, in the press release. If we can get patients diagnosed earlier, we can treat them and save lives. That is why being aware of the symptoms is so important. Lung Cancer Basics: What You Need to Know Warning Signs: When to See a Doctor Its tragically common for patients to ignore warnings of other types of cancer, adds Dale Shepard, MD, PhD, a cancer specialist in the department of solid tumor oncology at the Cleveland Clinic. Cancer can almost always be cured if its caught early, but all too often, people wait so long to see a doctor that the disease has spread to the point that its no longer curable. If you notice any of the following unexplained warning signs, dont delaymake the time to consult a doctor promptly. Unexplained weight loss. While most people would be happy to drop pounds without dieting, unexplained weight loss (of 10 or more pounds) or sudden loss of appetite are among the most common warning signs of cancer, says Dr. Shepard. This symptom is most likely to occur with cancers of the pancreas, stomach, esophagus or lung, reports the American Cancer Society (ACS). It may turn out not to be cancerthere are a number of other serious health conditions that may cause this symptom , including an overactive thyroid, diabetes, liver disease, and depression.

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Changes in Bowel Habits Changes in bowel habits are the most common symptoms in both early and advanced colon cancer, according to the National Cancer Institute. Constipation with less than three bowel movements a week, diarrhea with loose bowel movements three times a day lasting more than three days, or constipation alternating with diarrhea are common advanced colon cancer symptoms. Diarrhea may also lead to dehydration when too much fluid is lost in the body. Pain and discomfort may accompany both constipation and diarrhea. If bowel habits do not become regular after over-the-counter treatments, increased fluids and increased fiber, contact the doctor. You Might Also Like Bowel Polyps Symptoms Bowel Obstruction According to the National Cancer Institute, colon cancer is a common cause of bowel obstruction that occurs when the tumor grows large enough to block the passage of waste materials. Motility, or the ability of the colon to push wastes out, may be limited if the tumor grows large enough to interfere with nerves. Not having a bowel movement or having very small bowel movements for a period of weeks, pain in the lower part of the abdomen, a swollen or distended abdomen, and vomiting may all indicate a bowel obstruction according to the National Cancer Institute. Pencil sized or ribbon like bowel movements may develop when the growing tumor mechanically blocks the colon and reshapes the stool. Bowel obstructions may be life threatening if not treated promptly. Bleeding and Anemia Colon cancer can cause bleeding that is bright or dark red, according to the National Comprehensive Cancer Network. Bright red blood indicates current bleeding and dark red is usually seen with old blood that has been in the colon for a while.

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Bowel Polyps Symptoms

Bowel Polyps Symptoms

Her articles have appeared in such publications as “The Washington Post,” “Reuters Health Information” and “Discover,” as well as various trade journals. Bryant holds a Bachelor of Arts in political science from the University of Pennsylvania. Photo Credit barfuss am strand image by Heiner Witthake from Fotolia.com Polyps are growths that can occur on the inside of the colon (bowel) or rectum. Although most are benign, they can turn into colon or rectal cancer if left untreated. You’re more risk of developing polyps if you’re older than 50, have a family history of polyps or have someone in your family who has had colon or rectal cancer. Because people with polyps often have no symptoms, polyps are often only detected during a routine colonoscopy, a medical procedure that allows a doctor to view the inner walls of your large intestine. If a polyp is found, it should be removed and tested in a laboratory to make sure it’s not cancerous. Bloody Stools According to the Penn State Hershey Medical Center, the top symptom of polyps is bleeding during bowel movements. Blood may appear as red streaks in the bowel itself, in the toilet water or on a toilet wipe. It can also make the bowel look black. Often, though, the blood is not clearly visible in the stool.

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